It is believed that the origin of Chow Chow dog is in China. In his homeland, he is still used today as a daycare dog, as both houses of reed boats, and even as a delicacy in countries of other continents. The Chow is considered as a company dog. It has a very proud and reserved nature, which makes it become attached only to its owner. It always presents a clean coat and is easy to train, but is very difficult to live alone at home, because it has a great need for areas where it can be able to move.
The Chow Chow looks like major Nordic Spitz and still retains some features of him. For many centuries, is raised with care in China, where it is considered as a working dog. The many existing ancient witnesses tell us with certainty that their appearance has remained unchanged over time, and therefore maintain its ancestral characteristics of race. Its introduction in Europe is due to a British ambassador in Peking who gave a couple of these dogs to the Prince of Wales in 1880. Immediately, the race is spread fairly rapidly in England and were very numerous imports from China, to the point that in 1884 the English Kennel Club, the officially recognized.
It is a dog of strong constitution, good power and leonine appearance. The head is relatively strong and broad, with small eyes and dark, penetrating expression, whose apparent lack of eyebrows is due to the particular design of the folds. The trunk is very solid and powerful.
Height at the withers is minimum 45 inches.
Head: truffle large, broad and preferably black on sheets of white or cream can be clear, in blue or fawn, the color of the layer; snout of moderate width, eye width from the end; venture with scissors; skull flat and broad. Stop slightly marked.
Eyes: small, preferably almond shaped dark in color except blue dogs to lions, which can be clear.
Ears: small, thick, slightly rounded at the tip, carried stiffly erect, well spaced from each other.
Neck: strong, solid, slightly arched.
Forelimbs: perfectly straight, of moderate length and strong bones. Shoulders are muscular and sloping.
Body: chest wide and deep. Back is short, straight, strong, kidneys powerful.
Hindlimb: perfectly straight, well muscled. Hocks low.
Feet: small, round, compact.
Cola: high birth, carried well turned and resting on the rump.
Coat: plentiful, thick, smooth, straight, composed of relatively coarse outer hair and a touch soft, woolly
Color: entirely black, red, blue (metallic blue), Ieonado, cream, and more rarely white. Stains are not allowed.
FOOD: nutritional needs in inactive adult specimen have been estimated between 1,250 and 1440 Kcal; daily ration of maintenance. His diet should be as rational as possible, with adequate protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals.
DAILY CARE: The Chow Chow is provided with a rich, thick hair and a soft undercoat, which need to be brushed daily. This operation is extremely important because it allows for good aeration of the undercoat, reducing the possibility of developing pathogen. The brush should be dipped in a disinfectant solution.
DISEASES: It is known that this race could have hereditary disease (myotonia and muscle hypertrophy).